The products you use and your skincare routines depend on knowing the type of your skin. We all know that what may work for one person (who's skin is ORPW) may not work for another (who's skin is DSPT), but how do you avoid unnecessary purchases?
The Baumann Skin Type Indicator was created by dermatologist Leslie Baumann to help address the wide variety of skin needs and concerns. Knowing your skin type helps you determine the best skin hacks to further bring out the glow and suppleness out of your skin. But, unfortunately, the process of determining the category your skin falls in is not as easy as you may think.
Read our guide to find out how to determine the right skincare products for your skin from ANY brand.
The Four Skin Types (The Baumann Skin Indicators)
Dry or Oily Skin: (D) or (O)
The amount of sebum secreted by the skin and the state of the skin’s stratum corneum determine if the skin is dry or oily. Dry skin is usually determined by the tightness, dull color, and rough texture, whereas an oily skin has an increased sebum secretion, resulting in acne.
For (D) Types:
If you have a dry skin, make sure you have skin soothing and moisture-retaining ingredients like green tea, carrier oils (evening primrose, borage seed oil, sunflower seed oil, or cranberry seed oil), butter (shea butter, jojoba butter, or cocoa butter), antioxidants, and humectants (glycerin). Stay clear of essential oils in large quantity and drying ingredients, like alcohol. Check out our Honeydew Matcha Green Tea Moisturizer Here.
For (O) Types:
For oily skin, try to avoid high comedogenic ingredients like coconut oil, cocoa butter, and use ingredients like shea butter. Because of the high probability of acne breakout, you should have retinol, benzoyl peroxide, and/or salicylic acid in your product formulation. Check out our Flawless Charcoal Facial Scrub Here.
Sensitive or Resistant: (S) or (R)
The presence of inflammation is the primary determinant of resistant or sensitive skin. When the stratum corneum is impaired, sensitive skin is the result.
A sensitive skin readily reacts to skincare products with acne, burning, stinging, and redness inflammation. But a resistant skin has its stratum corneum intact, which means it can shield the skin from absorbing irritating ingredients. Hence, a resistant skin shows little or no negative signs to almost all skincare products.
The 4 Subtypes of a Sensitive Skin
- Allergic – Develops flaking, itching, and redness
- Stinging – Develops burning and stinging of the skin
- Rosacea – Usually experience hot sensation, redness, and flushing
- Acne – Develops flaking of the skin, itching, and redness
For (S) Types:
You should always conduct a patch test on any skincare products before using them if you have sensitive skin.
Pigmented or Non-Pigmented (Refers to Sun Sensitivity, not Skin Color)
The pigmented and non-pigmented skin attribute is measured by the skin’s ability to form unwanted pigments. This can be caused by injury in the form of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or caused by the sun (solar lentigines, melisma, and freckles).
For (P) Types:
Avoiding the sun should be the first remedy to a pigmented skin. Use products formulated with glycolic acid, azelaic acid, retinoids, and alpha arbutin will get rid of a pigmented skin condition.
You can also help reduce hyper-pigmentation naturally with ingredients such as Turmeric, Lemon Essential Oil, and Honey. Check out our Glow Facial Scrub Here.
Wrinkle-prone or Tight: (W) or (T)
Lifestyle habits, ethnicity, and age determines if the skin is tight or wrinkle-prone. Sun and smoking are the primary cause of skin aging, damaging the elastin and collagen. However, there is still a genetic component that determines wrinkle-prone or tight skin.
For (W) Types:
People that are likely to wrinkle should have a potent moisturizer with hyaluronic acid. Vitamin c, retinol, grape seed extract, tea extract, and niacinamide.
For (T) Types:
Look for products rich in antioxidants that keep the skin looking young and hydrated. Ingredients that may be beneficial: Green Tea Extract, banana extract, rosehip extract, and mango butter.
People can be a combination of different skin types. Knowing your skin type is the easiest way to avoid costly skincare purchase and find what works for your skin.